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Inanna/Ishtar Bibliography

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Dec. 30th, 2020 | 08:38 am

Last updated 15 February 2014.

Abusch, Tzvi. Ishtar's Proposal and Gilgamesh's Refusal: an Interpretation of The Gilgamesh Epic, Tablet 6, Lines 1-79. History of Religions 26, 1986, pp 143-187.

Albenda, Pauline. The "Queen of the Night" Plaque - A Revisit. Journal of the American Oriental Society 125(2) (2005), pp p171-.

Alster, Bendt. Inanna Repenting: The Conclusion of Inanna's Descent. Acta Sumerologica 18 (1996), pp 1-18.

Alster, Bendt. On the Interpretation of the Sumerian Myth "Inanna and Enki". Zeitschrift für Assyrologie 64, 1974, pp 20-34.

Alster, Bendt. Inanna und Sukaletuda: Zur historisch-politischen Deutung eines sumerichen Literaturwerkes [review]. Journal of the American Oriental Society 119(4) 1999 pp 687-688.

Beaulieu, Paul-Alain. The pantheon of Uruk during the neo-Babylonian period. Leiden ; Boston : Brill : STYX, 2003.

Beckman, Gary. Ištar of Nineveh Reconsidered. Journal of Cuneiform Studies 50 (1998) pp 1-10.

Black, Jeremy and Anthony Green. Gods, Demons and Symbols of Ancient Mesopotamia: An Illustrated Dictionary. British Museum Press, London, 1992.

Dexter, Miriam Robbins. "Goddesses of the Ancient Near East". In Whence the Goddesses: A Source Book. Pergamon Press, New York, 1990. [Under the subheading "Goddesses of Ancient Mesopotamia", a short discussion of Ereshkigal and Inanna.]

Farber, Gertud. "Inanna and Enki" in Geneva: A Sumerian Myth Revisited. Journal of Near Eastern Studies 54(4), 1995, pp 287-92. [Translation of a fragment of a myth.]

Foster, Benjamin. "Gilgamesh: Sex, Love and the Ascent of Knowledge". in Maier, John (ed). Gilgamesh: a Reader. Bolchazy-Carducci, Wauconda Illinois, 1997.

Frayne, Douglas. Notes on The Sacred Marriage Rite. [review of S.N. Kramer, Le Mariage Sacrè.] Bibliotheca Orientalis 62(1/2), January-March 1985, pp 5-22.

Frymer-Kensky, Tikva. "The Marginalization of the Goddess". in Maier, John (ed). Gilgamesh: a Reader. Bolchazy-Carducci, Wauconda Illinois, 1997.

— Studies in Bible and Feminist Criticism. Philadelphia, Pa. : Jewish Publication Society ; London : Eurospan [distributor], 2006.

Harris, Rivkah. "Images of Women in the Gilgamesh Epic". in Maier, John (ed). Gilgamesh: a Reader. Bolchazy-Carducci, Wauconda Illinois, 1997.

Harris, Rivkah. Inanna-Ishtar as a paradox and a coincidence of opposites. History of Religions 30(3) February 1991, pp 261-278. [Examines the goddess' contradictory nature, her association with the margins and boundaries of society, and the crossing of those boundaries, especially in her carnivalesque festivals.]

Hallo, William W. and Van Dijk, JJA. The Exaltation of Inanna. New Haven and London, Yale University Press, 1968.

Harris, Rivkah. "Images of Women in the Gilgamesh Epic". in Maier, John (ed). Gilgamesh: a Reader. Bolchazy-Carducci, Wauconda Illinois, 1997.

Homan, Michael M. Date Rape: the agricultural and astronomical background of the Sumerian sacred marriage and Genesis 38. Scandinavian Journal of the Old Testament 16(2), 2002.

Hooke, S.H. Babylonian and Assyrian religion. Oklahoma, University of Oklahoma Press, 1963.

Jacobsen, Thorkild. The Harps that Once: Sumerian Poetry in Translation. Yale University Press, New Haven and London, 1987.

Jacobsen, Thorkild and John A. Wilson. Most Ancient Verse. The Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, 1963. [A small collection of translations of Sumerian and Egyptian verse.]

Jacobsen, Thorkild. The Treasures of Darkness: a history of Mesopotamian religion. Yale University Press, New Haven and London, 1976.

Karahashi, Fumi. Fighting the Mountain: Some Observations on the Sumerian Myths of Inanna and Ninurta. Journal of Near Eastern Studies 63(2) 2004 pp 111-118.

Katz, Dina. How Dumuzi Became Inanna's Victim: On the Formation of "Inanna's Descent". Acta Sumerologica 18 (1996), pp 93-102.

Kilmer, Anne Draffkorn. How was Queen Erishkigal tricked? A new interpretation of the Descent of Ishtar. Ugarit-Forschungen 3 1971, pp 299-309.

Kinsley, David. The Goddess' Mirror: Visions of the Divine from East and West. State University of New York Press, Albany NY, 1989.

Kramer, Samuel Noah. Cuneiform Studies and the History of Literature: the Sumerian Sacred Marriage Texts. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 107(6), December 1963, pp 485-515.

Kramer, Samuel Noah. "Adoration: A Divine Model of the Liberated Woman." in From the Poetry of Sumer: Creation, Glorification, Adoration. University of California Press, Berkeley, 1979. [See also pages 22-23, 30-36, and 62-63.]

Kramer, Samuel Noah. The Sacred Marriage Rite: Aspects of Faith, Myth, and Ritual in Ancient Sumer. Indiana University Press, Bloomington, 1969.

Kramer, Samuel Noah. Sumerian Literature and the British Museum: the Promise of the Future. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 124(4), August 1980, pp 295-312.

Kramer, Samuel Noah. Sumerian Mythology. University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, 1972.

Lambert, W.G. Ištar of Nineveh. Iraq 66 2004, pp 35-39.

Lambert, W.G. A Neo-Babylonian Tammuz Lament. Journal of the American Oriental Society 103(1) Jan-Mar 1983, pp 211-215.

Marcovich, Miroslav. From Ishtar to Aphrodite. Journal of Aesthetic Education 30(20, summer 1996, pp 43-59. [Summarises "coincidences" in the myths and artistic representation of Ishtar, Aphrodite, and related goddesses. The evidence isn't compelling that the Greek goddess was derived from Ishtar, but the resemblances are intriguing.]

McKenzie, Leah. "Ishtar or Tyche? A case of mistaken identity". In Dillon, Matthew (ed). Religion in the Ancient World: New themes and approaches. Amsterdam, A.M. Hakkert, 1996.

Meador, Betty De Shong. Inanna, Lady of Largest Heart: Poems of the Sumerian High Priestess Enheduanna. University of Texas Press, Austin, 2000.

Na'aman, Nadav. The Ishtar Temple at Alalakh. Journal of Near Eastern Studies 39(3) July 1980, pp 209-214.

Ochshorn, Judith. "Ishtar and her Cult" in Olson, Carl (ed.) The Book of the Goddess Past and Present: an Introduction to her Religion. Crossroad, New York, 1987. [An overview of gender and sexuality in Mesopotamian religion.]

Porter, Barbara Nevling. Ishtar of Nineveh and her collaborator, Ishtar of Arbela, in the reign of Assurbanipal. Iraq 66 2004, pp 41-44.

Pritchard, James Bennett. Ancient Near Eastern Texts relating to the Old Testament. Princeton : Princeton University Press, 1969.

Roscoe, Will. Priests of the Goddess: Gender Transgression in Ancient Religion. History of Religions, 1996. [Compares the Roman gallae, the Indian hijra, and the Mesopotamian gala, kur-gar-ra, and assinnu.]

Sefati, Yitschak. Love Songs in Sumerian Literature. Bar-Ilan University Press, Israel, 1998.

Sjöberg, Åke W. in-nin šà-gur4-ra: A Hymn to the Goddess Inanna by the en-Priestess Enheduanna. Zeitschrift für Assyrologie 65, 1975, pp 161-253.

Sjöberg, Åke W. A hymn to Inanna and her self-praise. Journal of Cuneiform Studies 40(2), autumn 1988. [A translation of a hymn printed on a clay cylinder. The paper is very technical, but it allows you to see how a translation is made, with all the gaps and guesses.]

Tigay, Jeffrey H. The Evolution of the Gilgamesh Epic. University of Philadelphia Press, Philadelphia Pa, 1982.

Vanstiphout, H.L.J. "Inanna / Ishtar as a Figure of Controversy". in Kippenberg, Hans G. (ed) Struggles of Gods: Religion and Reason 31. Mouton, Berlin, 1984. ["... although she has no sphere of domination as her own, she has strife."]

Westenholz, Joan Goodnick. "Enheduanna: En-Priestess, Hen of Nanna, Spouse of Nanna". in Dumu-E2-Dub-Ba-A: Studies in honor of Åke Sjöberg. Occasional Publications of the Samuel Noah Kramer Foundation, Philadelphia, 1989.

— "Goddesses of the Ancient Near East 3000 - 1000 BC". in Goodison, Lucy and Christine Morris (eds.) Ancient Goddesses: the Myths and the Evidence. British Museum, London, 1998. [Brief overview of the variety of Ancient Near Eastern goddesses, with a caveat not to conflate them into a single "Mother Goddess".]

— "Inanna and Ishtar in the Babylonian World". in Leick, Gwendolyn (ed). The Babylonian World. New York : Routledge, 2007.

Wolkstein, Diane and Samuel Noah Kramer. Inanna, Queen of Heaven and Earth: Her Stories and Hymns from Sumer. Harper and Row, New York, 1983.

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Comments {3}

anonymous

from: anonymous
date: May. 28th, 2008 07:52 am (UTC)
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God bless you **

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Veene Bartolomeo

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from: Veene Bartolomeo
date: Apr. 1st, 2011 09:40 am (UTC)
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sylvia brinton-pererra has a great read touchin on the innana/ereshkigal saga, called "descent to the goddess."

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Amateur Thealogy

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from: ikhet_sekhmet
date: Apr. 1st, 2011 09:45 am (UTC)
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Hiya - thanks for commenting! I think I have that book somewhere - along with far too many others I haven't got around to reading yet. *blush*. :D

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